No CACD 2014, um candidato escreveu na composition:

“The history of the twentieth century is fraught with large scale conflicts, namely the two great wars that devastated the world […].”

O CESPE entendeu que esse uso de namely estava incorreto e descontou um ponto de accuracy. Mas por quê?


Namely é um adverb normalmente usado para fornecer informações mais precisas a respeito de algo que já foi mencionado. Veja alguns exemplos:

Three students were mentioned, namely John, Sarah and Sylvia.

There’s always one person stuck with cleaning up the mess, namely me.

We need to get more teachers into the classrooms where they’re most needed, namely in high poverty areas.

I learned an important lesson when I lost my job, namely that nothing is a hundred percent guaranteed.

Investing overseas also introduces an extra level of risk, namely that of currency risk.

Some groups, namely students and pensioners, will benefit from the new tax.

Most economists these days eschew moral philosophy — namely, the consideration of social justice.

Most of the funds have been spent on humanitarian causes — namely, on housing and support for the over 720,00 registered refugees who have flooded Turkish border cities.

The forces supporting Europe’s status quo, namely the euro-establishment spearheaded by the German government, found an opportunity in the Greek financial crisis to reaffirm their commitment to austerity as the main way to guarantee Europe’s continued economic competitiveness.

Assim, o entedimento do CESPE é que namely não deve ser usado para introduzir exemplos. De fato, no Merriam-Webster’s Online Dictionary, algumas das palavras que são listadas como related words de namely são particularly especially. Para introduzir exemplos, alguns phrases, verbs etc. podem ser usados, como for example, for instance, such as, illustrate, case in point (clique em cada um deles para entender os respectivos usos).



Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary

Foreign Affairs

Longman Dictionaries Online

Macmillan Dictionary

Merriam-Webster’s Online Dictionary

Oxford Dictionaries